Lima, World Heritage Site
Lima was the capital city of the new world during the time Spaniards controlled Central and South America….
It is the second biggest city in the world built on a dessert….
Peru, Land of the Incas
Peru is one of the most biodiverse nations in the world. It has 108 out of the 137 ecosystems in the world.
Peru is the third largest country in South America located in the western side and has boundaries with Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Chile. The name Peru is derived from a Quechua Indian word that means abundance of land and economic wealth produced by one main civilization that lived in this region for centuries.
It is filled with a variety of landscapes. The most known places in Peru include Machu Pichu, Caral, Nazca lines, and Chachapoyas. Our country is filled with many cultures, having three official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. The Amazon, the largest rainforest, covers more than half of the Peruvian territory. It is home to one of the largest biodiverse group of fauna and flora. It is one of the world’s 10 megadiverse countries containing countless natural wonders and hundreds of endemic plant and animal species. Peru has 84 of the 115 world’s ecological zones and ranks among the first in the world in biodiversity. It is the 1st in birds, being the home to 1,701 species.
Pery is traditionally divided into three regional parts: Costa, Sierra, and Selva. Costa being the arid desert part, Sierra the mountainous and high altitude region, and Selva being the rainforest where the Amazon is located.
Peru has a really long and interesting history, having the Incas as one of the main past civilizations who learned how to live in the complicated geography of what Peru is. Besides the Incas and prior to them many cultured also flourished in this land. Without unique and different cultures Peru would not be the country it is today. Founded in 1821 as a republic, after declaring their independence from Spain, Peru has been growing ever since and developing into what it is nowadays.